It’s sold in magazines, on television, and, yes, on the Internet — but is it completely legal? If you’re thinking about purchasing spy gear, you might be wondering whether or not it’s actually legal to purchase and own. Simply put, spy equipment is perfectly legal to have, but there may be some limitations on what can actually be d o n e with such equipment.
Spy equipment is regularly used in trades such as private investigation and bounty hunting, and it can even be used for home security and protection, which makes it accessible to those who are not within government agencies.
The Legality Of Purchasing Spy Equipment
Spy equipment is used for a variety of entirely legal purposes. A homeowner may install a “nanny cam” to make sure that their children are safe when they’re out.
An employee may use a recording pen to record workplace harassment so that it can be appropriately reported to Human Resources — or even to the police.
Bounty hunters and detective use spy equipment in their daily work life all the time, both to record and collect evidence a n d protect themselves from potential lawsuits.
And, of course, there’s a question of what really constitutes “spy equipment.” If it’s just something as simple as a hidden camera, you probably already have a somewhat hidden camera in your pocket: your phone.
This highlights an equally important aspect of legality: the actual mechanics of spy equipment in no way imply an intent to break the law nor do they really facilitate anything that c a n’t be done with other types of equipment, such as standard recording equipment and cameras.
The Legality Of U s i n g Spy Equipment
As noted, though purchasing spy equipment is entirely legal, the actual u s a g e of spy equipment can be a gray area. There are privacy laws in every country, and your usage of your spy equipment needs to adhere to this.
While people can usually be filmed without their awareness in public, d i s t r i b u ti o n of public films usually require a waiver that is signed by the individual in question.
People within their own homes or other private areas generally have an expectation of privacy; they should not be filmed without their knowledge.
And while an individual might be able to record their o w n home — such as with security cameras — they would not be allowed to do so if they had a renter within that home unaware of the cameras. The laws are all based around privacy and the e x p e c t a ti o n of that privacy.
The laws are also different based on video recording and audio recording. While listening to enhanced audio may be legal, actually r e c o r d i n g it may not.
Some areas of the United States have two-party consent laws, through which individuals cannot have their voice recorded without their knowledge. Other states have one-party consent laws; you can record any conversation that you are a part of.
So, there’s your answer: spy equipment is entirely legal to purchase and to own, but you need to be careful in your usage of it.
You should look up your local laws before you record or “spy” on any individual. The right to privacy is considered extremely important in the United States, and there are certain areas in which an individual should a b s o l u t e l y expect that their privacy should be honored.